Originally posted on February 11, 2022 @ 6:44 pm
What is HTML?
Web browsers receive HTML documents from a web server or from local storage and render the documents into multimedia web pages. HTML describes the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document.
HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages. With HTML constructs, images and other objects, such as interactive forms, may be embedded into the rendered page. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. HTML elements are delineated by tags, written using angle brackets.
Tags such as “img” and “input” directly introduce content into the page. Other tags such as “p” surround and provide information about document text and may include other tags as sub-elements. Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to interpret the content of the page.
HTML can embed programs written in a scripting language.
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What is CSS?
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language used to describe the appearance of content on web pages. That includes colors, fonts, layout, and more. The styles that you define in a CSS file can be applied to multiple pages.
In this track, you’ll learn how to use CSS to style websites. You’ll learn about the different properties you can use to change how a page looks and the ways that those properties interact with each other.
You’ll start by adding some color and simple layout changes to your own website. Then you’ll move on to modifying the layout of the Wikipedia homepage to make it look like a TV from the 50s (don’t worry, it will still work).
After that, you’ll learn about new HTML elements that let you build web pages with columns or boxes inside boxes inside columns. You’ll also learn how positioning works on the web and how you can use it for things like sticky headers or footers that stay at the top or bottom of a page even when you scroll past them.
Finally, you’ll learn more advanced techniques like pseudo-classes which allow you to apply styles only when a certain condition is true, like when your mouse is hovering over a link or an element has to focus.
In 1994 Netscape Communications hired Brendan Eich with the goal of embedding the Scheme programming language into its Netscape Navigator. Netscape also wanted
How do they work together?
There are three core components of any website:
- HTML (the Hypertext Markup Language) for structure
- CSS (the Cascading Style Sheet) for presentation
HTML is all about structure; it defines the basic layout of a web page by using various tags such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
CSS is used to apply styles to web pages—colors, backgrounds, fonts, layout, and more—to create visually engaging sites. This language describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on the screen.
When should I use them?
First, you should always use HTML for your website layout. That’s what it’s for!
CSS is solely used to change the look of your website (fonts, colors, etc).
Here are some examples:
You want to change the font of your website. Use CSS.
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