Cavazaque: Everything You Need To Know

Originally posted on January 15, 2024 @ 2:28 pm

Cavazaque is a rare and exotic breed of dog that originated in Peru. It is known for its distinctive appearance, intelligence, and loyalty. In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about Cavazaque, from its history and origins to its breed standards and characteristics, temperament and personality, and owning and caring tips.

What Is Cavazaque?

Cavazaque is a type of Peruvian hairless dog that has a smooth and hairless body, except for some tufts of hair on the head, tail, and feet. It also has a long and slender muzzle, large ears, almond-shaped eyes, and a curled tail. Cavazaque comes in three sizes: small, medium, and large, and can weigh from 4 to 25 kg. Cavazaque has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years.

The History and Origins of Cavazaque

Cavazaque is one of the oldest breeds of dog in the world, dating back to pre-Inca times. It is believed that Cavazaque was bred by the ancient Peruvians to be a companion, a hunter, and a healer. Cavazaque was revered by the natives for its ability to ward off evil spirits, cure diseases, and provide warmth. Cavazaque was also depicted in pottery, textiles, and art by various Peruvian cultures, such as the Moche, the Chimu, and the Inca.

Cavazaque was almost extinct by the 20th century, due to the Spanish conquest, the introduction of foreign diseases, and the preference for European breeds. However, thanks to the efforts of some enthusiasts and breeders, Cavazaque was revived and recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1985. Cavazaque is also the national dog of Peru and a symbol of its cultural heritage.

Cavazaque Breed Standards and Characteristics

Cavazaque is a unique and elegant breed that has a graceful and athletic appearance. According to the FCI, Cavazaque should have the following breed standards and characteristics:

  • Head: The head should be lean and wedge-shaped, with a flat skull and a slight stop. The nose should be black or brown, depending on the skin color. The eyes should be dark and expressive, with a lively and alert look. The ears should be large and erect, with a triangular shape and rounded tips. The mouth should have a scissors bite, with strong and white teeth.
  • Body: The body should be well-proportioned and muscular, with a strong and flexible neck, a straight and level back, a deep and broad chest, and a tucked-up abdomen. The tail should be set high and carried in a curve over the back, with a feathering of hair at the tip.
  • Legs and Feet: The legs should be long and slender, with well-defined bones and joints. The front legs should be straight and parallel, with a moderate angulation at the shoulders. The hind legs should be strong and muscular, with a good angulation at the hips and knees. The feet should be hare-like, with long and arched toes and thick and elastic pads. The nails should be black or brown, depending on the skin color.
  • Coat and Skin: The coat should be absent, except for some sparse and fine hair on the head, tail, and feet. The skin should be smooth and elastic, with a variety of colors, such as black, brown, gray, pink, or spotted. The skin should also have some wrinkles on the head and neck, and some moles or freckles on the body.
  • Size and Weight: Cavazaque comes in three sizes: small, medium, and large. The small size should measure from 25 to 40 cm at the withers and weigh from 4 to 8 kg. The medium size should measure from 40 to 50 cm at the withers and weigh from 8 to 12 kg. The large size should measure from 50 to 65 cm at the withers and weigh from 12 to 25 kg.

Cavazaque Temperament and Personality

Cavazaque is a loyal and affectionate breed that bonds strongly with its owner and family. It is also intelligent and alert, making it a good watchdog and guard dog. Cavazaque is friendly and sociable with other dogs and people, especially children, but can be wary of strangers and unfamiliar situations. Cavazaque is energetic and playful, requiring regular exercise and mental stimulation. Cavazaque is also sensitive and responsive, responding well to positive and consistent training.

Owning and Caring for a Cavazaque

Cavazaque is a breed that requires special care and attention, due to its hairless and sensitive skin. Here are some tips for owning and caring for a Cavazaque:

  • Cavazaque needs protection from the sun, cold, and insects, as its skin can get sunburned, frostbitten, or irritated. It is advisable to apply sunscreen, moisturizer, and insect repellent on its skin, and to provide it with clothing, blankets, and shelter when needed.
  • Cavazaque needs regular grooming, such as bathing, brushing, and trimming of the nails and hair. It is important to keep its skin clean and dry, and to check for any signs of infection, allergy, or injury. It is also recommended to clean its ears and teeth regularly, to prevent ear infections and dental problems.
  • Cavazaque needs a balanced and nutritious diet, suitable for its size, age, and activity level. It is preferable to feed it with high-quality dog food, and to avoid giving it any human food, especially chocolate, grapes, raisins, onions, garlic, and avocado, as these can be toxic for dogs. It is also important to provide it with fresh water at all times and to monitor its weight and appetite.
  • Cavazaque needs adequate exercise and stimulation, as it is a lively and curious breed. It enjoys going for walks, playing fetch, and learning new tricks. It is advisable to provide it with toys, puzzles, and games, to keep it entertained and challenged. It is also essential to socialize it from an early age, to expose it to different people, animals, and environments, and to prevent it from becoming timid or aggressive.
  • Cavazaque needs love and attention, as it is a devoted and affectionate breed. It thrives on human companionship and interaction and does not like to be left alone for long periods. It is important to spend quality time with it, to praise it, pet it, and cuddle it. It is also vital to train it with patience and respect, to establish clear and positive communication, and to reinforce its good behavior.

Parag Banerjee is an experienced Search Engine Optimizer. He has a wide knowledge of Google Updates, Analytics, and many others. He studied Computer Application from Techno India.

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